Pengalaman mendaftar danchi di Jepang (tulisan dalam bahasa inggris).
Applying for Municipal Housing, City Housing, Danchi (団地), or Shiei juutaku (市営住宅), is quite a tough process in Japan. Not only they have a clear instruction and strict deadline, but also the applicants reached >4000 families for about 500 rooms. In this post, I would like to share my experience applying for municipal housing, especially in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, Japan.
This article is written when I just got an announcement that my number is selected as one of the recipients, so I still haven’t moved yet to the new room. The reason for me applying danchi is simple: I need to move to a very cheap apartment because I don’t have anymore scholarship due to extending my study, and I also live with wife and daughter (baby), so (I think) I have a strong reason to apply this facility.
In Kawasaki city, all the information about municipal housing can be accessed from this website: http://www.kawasaki-jk.or.jp/
Actually, all the instruction is very clear, though it is written in Japanese. So, I will only explain the instruction shortly here. I have another interesting part to share from this experience, especially related to bairitsu (倍率), or in other words, the probability to be chosen as the recipient. I was waiting for the lottery results because I want to know the relationship between the probability to get the room with the applicant behavior for choosing the room. I have this dilemma when choosing the room, and I try to ask my friend and googling about this, but I did not get any information. Therefore, this article and the proposed suggestion is novel (maybe), hehehe..
How To Apply & Rules
The application is open twice a year, May and October. The date may vary, but usually at the end of May – early June / end of Oct – early Nov. The application can only be obtained at that time, as well as the information of the available rooms. The application form (one bundle envelope) can be taken at Kawasaki city housing corp, ward office, etc. The general rules are written as below:
- One applicant (family) is one application.
- One applicant can only choose one room.
- The applicant must be the residence of Kawasaki city or working in Kawasaki city for more than 1 year.
- The applicant income is 158,000 yen/month or lower. Or for special approval (特認): 214,000 yen/month or lower.
- If selected, the deposit money is 2-month rent.
- Even though the method is called lottery (抽選), but in reality, they consider our application form, family status, annual and monthly income, age, health, and any other condition.
The flow of application can be described as follow:
- Fill the application form and submit it. For example, the period is 26 May ~ 9 June, or 21 Oct – 4 Nov. Deadline is strict. No need to attach any document, only fill the application form provided in the envelope.
- Based on the application form, if we qualified, then we will get a lottery number by post at the end of July / early Jan.
- The lottery (抽選) will be held at 7 August, or 17 Jan. It is not necessary to come.
- The result will be announced on the website at 8 August, or 18 Jan.
- The recipient will receive a letter of announcement around mid August, or mid Feb.
- Qualification screening at September / March. They will ask any document to prove our application status. If we fail to prove our status, then we might fail to enter the room.
- Briefing before staying at the house. Around October / April.
- Procedure for using the house. Pay for the deposit.
- Start living.
Actually, the meaning of bairitsu is not probability, but the rate. However, the meaning is similar I think. When we apply danchi, we need to fill the form and choose only one room from a lot of choices. Each available room provided with the information about the room itself, size, rent, number of room, and the previous number of applicant (前回応募倍率). The bairitsu meaning is: the previous number of applicant divided by the number of previously available room. So, if last year, the available room is 2 and the number of applicants is 4, then the bairitsu becomes 2. etc. As I described before, the applicant is assessed not based on simple lottery, but also considering our status (income, family, age, health, etc). Since we don’t know the status of the other applicants, therefore, it is quite difficult to predict the probability to win the lottery. However, in this section, I would like to summarize the behavior of the Japanese people (or applicant) with regard to this probability. Let’s take several examples and see from the table below:
(Please click this post title to see the table in a wider view)
|Apartment/ Room name||# available room||Distance from eki (minutes)||Size (m2)||Price (¥)||Previous bairitsu (前回応募
|Current applicant (応募者数)||Current bairitsu (今回応募
|Ogura higashi||2||bus: 20||61.6||29800-58500||7||11||5.5|
|Ogura dai1||1||bus: 15||56.3||24900-48800||3||1||1|
|Ogura dai2||1||bus: 15||58.7||26400-51900||2||1||1|
|Josakunobe dai2||1||bus: 6||56.3||26600-52200||5||8||8|
|Arima dai3||6||walk: 10||44.4||20300-40000||8||18||3|
|Honchou (3DK)||1||walk: 15||62.8||32700-64100||4||22||22|
|Honchou (2DK)||4||walk: 15||48.1||25000-49100||0||36||9|
|Sakado||1||bus: 5, walk: 20||60.9||27600-54100||4.5||5||5|
|Josakunobe dai2||1||bus: 6||56.3||26600-52200||1||3||3|
|Nogawa higashi||4||bus: 21||65.8||31100-64600||9||3||0.8|
|Arima dai3||5||walk: 10||44.4||20300-40000||6||0||0|
|Nakanojima tamagawa||6||bus: 7, walk: 15||58||28300-66500||3.2||3||0.5|
|Honchou (2DK)||3||walk: 15||48.1||25000-49100||0||48||16|
|Ogura dai1||1||bus: 15||56.3||24900-48800||1||12||12|
|Oomiyacho (2DK)||1||walk: 13||50.3||25500-50100||0||9||9|
|Shimonoge Tonoyama||1||bus: 15||66.7||31600-62100||22||7||7|
|Washigamine nishi||3||bus: 30||44.4||19300-39300||1.7||3||1|
|Shukugawara higashi||5||walk: 10||63.2||32600-66100||28||27||5.4|
|Nakanojima (新築)||24||walk: 10||32.9||17200-33700||0||264||11|
|Honchou (1DK)||12||walk: 15||33.6||17400-34300||13.3||340||28.3|
|Arima dai1 (EV nashi)||25||bus: 10||31.9||13200-26900||0.5||13||0.5|
|Arima dai2||13||bus: 7||32.1||13400-27400||0.9||10||0.8|
|Nogawa nishi||32||bus: 20||35.4||14900-29500||5||18||0.6|
|Nakanojima (1DK)||3||walk: 10||32.9||17100-33700||58||16||5.3|
|Takayama (EV nashi)||10||bus: 20||36.3||15100-30800||0.5||6||0.6|
|Arima dai1||3||bus: 10||36.3||15000-30500||0.5||1||0.3|
|Arima dai2||16||bus: 7||36.3||15100-31000||0.4||15||0.9|
|Quint tanaka||2||bus: 5||32.1||16500-32500||24||86||43|
|Glory arc||1||bus: 15||30.7||14800-29100||78||22||22|
|Nogawa higashi||3||bus: 21||39.9||19300-38000||5.7||42||14|
|Shukugawara higashi||3||walk: 10||38.3||19700-38800||41||34||11.3|
|Sanrafure yurigaoka||4||bus: 5||34.5||17500-34500||58||63||15.8|
|Suenagasouda||1||bus: 5, walk:15||48.3||24900-48900||0||28||28|
|Nakanojima tamagawa||3||bus: 7, walk: 15||52.1||26000-51100||11||6||2|
|Komukai (2DK)||1||bus: 10||51.9||25500-50100||12||5||5|
|Okamoto (1DK)||1||bus: 15||36||17700-34800||0||45||45|
|Nogawa nishi||4||bus: 20||35.4||15000-29500||3||2||0.5|
Surprisingly, the changing of bairitsu is not drastic even if the previous applicant is enormous. We can derive several conclusion from this year application:
- The number of the applicant in Kawasaki city is enormous. From 523 available room, the number of applicants is 4507 person.
- The number of elderly applicants is very high. This can be seen from the statistics of applicant and bairitsu for category: silver housing, tanshin, kourei, and general application.
- The change of bairitsu is not drastic. I was expecting that for very large bairitsu, people will be afraid to apply, then the bairitsu will decrease significantly. But that’s not the case; it tends to decrease but still large enough. It means that people who think this way (other people will avoid) is not small enough.
- Choosing a room with large number of availability is better than the fewer number.
- There are popular room and unpopular room. The popular room tends to increase in bairitsu, while unpopular room tends to almost constant. To know which room is popular, we need to see the previous (2 periods) availability and the bairitsu.
- For a new building, the applicant is huge and bairitsu is larger.
- About 1.5% applicant has interest with tokubetsu akiya.
- Though I didn’t show the information about the availability of the elevator in the table, but if the building has elevator then the applicant tend to larger.
- Distance from the apartment to the station is somewhat not affecting much. Of course, closer from station have larger bairitsu, but farther from station doesn’t mean lower bairitsu.
- I still cannot derive any conclusion related to size and price. Some cases are related while other cases are not affecting the bairitsu.
Suggestion and Conclusion
After seeing the trends, I have several suggestions if you want to apply to danchi and you want to have a higher probability.
- Apply to a room which has a large number of availability. This usually decreases the bairitsu and increases the probability to be selected.
- Avoid room with large bairitsu and only available one room. Usually those rooms are favorite.
- If you are a small family which age less than 40, choose 若年世帯向 or 小家族向rather than 一般世帯向. We can see from the table that the average bairitsu is lower. Unless you have confidence and have a 優遇倍率 point large enough (already failed five years).
- If you are healthy enough, avoid apartment with elevator as they tend to have larger bairitsu.
- Older building has lower bairitsu than a new building.
Though I am not really sure how many percentages the people that really needed danchi is applying and the person who just try their luck applying there, I would suggest that you better applying there if you really needed it. Looking at the statistics, it is very clear that many of the applicants are old people (as we know the current characteristics of Japanese society). This can be seen from the number of the applicant in silver housing, tanshin, kourei, and general application. As for young people with small family can apply jakunen or kokazoku, and we can see that the number of applicants is not that much compared to the old people.
Hope this information useful.